Vascular conditions affect the veins and arteries in your body, which conduct oxygen to every living cell. Veins and arteries are like highways. When there is a road block or traffic jam, trouble ensues. In most cases, vascular conditions are treatable, often without surgery.
Chronic Venous Insufficiency
Venous insufficiency is a catch-all phrase applied to a number of disorders that affect the veins and valves in the veins. These disorders interfere with blood flow, causing pools and leading to a variety of symptoms including spider veins, varicose veins, and other changes in the skin. There are several symptoms to look out for and can include:
- Pain or cramps in the legs
- Spider veins and varicose veins
- Venous leg ulcer
Chronic Venous Insufficiency is a progressive condition and symptoms do increase in severity as the condition goes on.
If you think you may have a venous insufficiency condition call us today to schedule a consultation.
Spider Veins (Telangiectasis)
Spider veins are small veins varying in red, purple, and blue vessels that twist and turn. This type of vein is easily visible through the skin and commonly found on the face and legs. Similar to their larger counterparts (varicose), valve failure of these smaller veins cause blood to flow backward to the surface. This process is called reflux – where the veins become larger and visible. Spider veins develop in persons who inherit the condition from their parents. Although Spider Veins can cause discomfort they do not lead to more serious complications associated with varicose veins. If spider veins are exposed to the sun, further collagen tissue damage can occur.
What causes spider veins?
Spider veins are predominantly caused by genetic factors. There is a host of factors that can cause spider veins including:
- Sun exposure
- Hormonal changes (puberty, pregnancy, menopause)
Varicose veins are large, raised, swollen blood vessels that twist and turn. Typically, these veins develop in the legs and are visible through the skin. These veins are an inherited condition and develop either alone or alongside of spider veins. These bulging veins most commonly arise from internal valve failure. When the internal valve loses its seal over time, blood begins to flow backwards also known as reflux. This causes the veins to protrude to the surface, creating unsightly and painful symptoms. Symptoms could include aching, restlessness, itching and heaviness. Varicose veins if left untreated, can lead to complications that include ulcers, dermatitis, pigmentation, or thrombosis.
What causes Varicose veins?
Varicose veins are mainly a genetic inheritance, but lifestyle choices also play significant factors. Here is what can cause Varicose Veins:
- Sun exposure
- Hormonal changes
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Pregnancy and Varicose Veins
Many women first develop varicose veins during pregnancy. During pregnancy, your blood volume increases, while the rate at which blood flows from your legs to your pelvis decreases. Increased progestin levels during pregnancy can result in dilated or opened veins. In addition, as a woman’s uterus grows, it puts pressure on the inferior vena cava (large vein on the right side of the body that carries blood. Generally, varicose veins usually diminish 3 months to a year after giving birth.